Peas thrive in cool, moist weather and produce best in cool, moderate climates. Early plantings normally produce larger yields than later plantings. Peas may be planted whenever the soil temperature is at least 45°F.
SEED SAVING LEVEL:
Because the flowers are largely self-pollinated, pea varieties usually do not cross.
Vines are 24 - 32" tall, bearing 3 - 4" pods filled with 6 - 8 dark green peas. Excellent freezer variety.
SUGGESTED PLANTING AND HARVEST TIMES FOR THE ABOVE NEIGHBORHOODS
You can assure yourself a continuous supply of beans by planting every 2 to 4 weeks until the month indicated below.
70 days; 24-30 inches; withstands some heat; best variety for late spring planting
Fertilize when they are 3" tall.
The germinating seeds and small seedlings are easily injured by direct contact with fertilizer or improper cultivation. Cultivate and hoe shallowly during the early stages of growth.
Peas can be mulched to cool the soil, reduce moisture loss and keep down soil rots.
When peas are planted on new land, you may increase the yield by inoculating peas with a commercial formulation of nitrogen-fixing bacteria. In an established garden, however, inoculation is less necessary. If you are in doubt, inoculation is a relatively inexpensive process that is easy to do and ensures better plant-nutrient status.
When the pea pods are swollen (appear round) they are ready to be picked. Pick a few pods every day or two near harvest time to determine when the peas are at the proper stage for eating. Peas are of the best quality when they are fully expanded but immature, before they become hard and starchy. Peas should be picked immediately before cooking because their quality, especially sweetness (like that of sweet corn), deteriorates rapidly. The pods on the lower portion of the plant mature earliest. The last harvest (usually the third) is made about one week after the first. Pulling the entire plant for the last harvest makes picking easier.
The first signs of fusarium wilt and root-rot disease are the yellowing and wilting of the lower leaves and stunting of the plants. Infection of older plants usually results in the plants producing only a few poorly filled pods. These diseases are not as prevalent on well-drained soils. Double-dug raised beds amended with abundant organic matter can greatly improve soil aeration and drainage. Fusarium wilt can be avoided by growing wilt-resistant varieties.
ORIGINAL SEED SOURCE:
Sustainable seed company, Petaluma.
Beans are low in calories and a good source of fiber and calcium, phosphorus and vitamins A & C.
The nutritional profile of mature dried beans is very different from that of green beans. Green beans are a good source of carbohydrates. They are a moderate source of protein, dietary fiber, Vitamin C and beta carotene. The beta carotene is converted to vitamin A in the body. Green beans also contain small amounts of calcium and other trace nutrients.